10 Popular Types of Wine You Should Know! 2021

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sparrow jack March 23, 2021
Updated 2021/04/15 at 10:46 AM

Here are the 5 different types of red wine:

Contents

5. Types Of Wine : Sangiovese

Pronounced:
SAHN-joh-VAY-zee

Country of Origin:
Italy (Tuscan region)

Type of Red Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Sangiovese Variety Market Share:
1.69%

About Sangiovese

Literally translated from Italian, Sangiovese means “Blood of Jove”.

Sangiovese are the primary grape used to make two of Italy’s most popular types of wine: Chianti and Brunello di Montalcino.

Sangiovese isn’t heavily planted outside of Italy, but can be found in both Washington and California.

10 Popular Types of Wine You Should Know! 2021

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Common Sangiovese Flavor Profile

Sangiovese is a medium bodied wine with substantial tannins and high acidity.

The heavy tannin structure allows acidfor deep red fruit flavors, like red cherry and strawberry.

Sangiovese Food Pairings

Sangiovese’s fruit forward flavor and high acidity lead it to pair particularly well with tomato based dishes of Italian origin, such as pasta and pizza.

Outside of Italian food, it goes well with rich, roasted meats and hard, aged cheeses.

High-End

Antinori Tignanello 2011 ($105 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Caparzo Brunello di Montalcino 2010 ($56 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Borgo Scopeto Chianti Classico 2012 ($20 @ Wine.com)

Sangiovese vineyard in Toscany

4. Pinot Noir

Pronounced:
PEE-noh nwahr

Country of Origin:
France (Burgundy region)

Type of Red Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Pinot Noir Variety Market Share:
1.88%

About Pinot Noir

Nicknamed “Red Burgundy” after its region of origin, Pinot Noir is one of the most sought after wines in the world.

The Pinot Noir grape is very finicky.  It grape requires a specific soil, a specific climate and very specific care. This leads to less Pinot Noir grapes being produced worldwide (compared to other grape varieties) and a higher average price tag on Pinot Noir bottles.

Stringent growing requirements aside, Pinot Noir is grown in the majority of the world’s wine producing countries.

Common Pinot Noir Flavor Profile

Pinot Noir is a dry red wine that’s light to medium bodied.

Crisp, fruity flavors, like red cherry and strawberry, lead and are tempered by herbal and warm spice notes.

Pinot Noir is flavorful, complex and a favorite of wine lovers all over the world.

Pinot Noir Food Pairings

Pinot Noir’s versatility pairs it well with a wide range of foods from ethnic cuisine to classic dishes.

It goes notably well with creamy sauces and grilled chicken or fish.

High-End

Chapter 24 Last Chapter Pinot Noir 2012  ($89 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Goldeneye Anderson Valley Pinot Noir 2011 ($55 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

King Estate Acrobat Pinot Noir 2013 ($20 @ Wine.com)

Workers harvesting Pinot Noir grapes

3. Types Of Wine : Syrah/Shiraz

Pronounced:
seh-RAH/shee-RAHZ

Type of Red Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Country of Origin:
France (Rhone region)

Syrah/Shiraz Variety Market Share:
4.03%

About Syrah/Shiraz

One grape, two names.

In Europe and California, the varietal is known as Syrah, whereas, in Australia and South Africa, it’s known as Shiraz.

While the grape variety originated in France, it has quickly become Australia’s signature grape. In 2010, around 23% of the world’s Shiraz/Syrah grapes came from Australia.

Common Syrah/Shiraz Flavor Profile

Syrah is deep purple in color and are medium to full bodied.

Their strong tannins are complemented by deep, jammy flavors of wild black fruits like boysenberry and blackberry.

Syrah often finishes with a spicy pepper note.

Syrah/Shiraz Food Pairings

Syrah goes great with roasted and grilled meats like game and beef.

Similar to Merlots, they pair well with strong cheeses like Roquefort or sharp cheddar.

High-End

Glaetzer Amon Ra Shiraz 2012 ($110 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

John Duval Entity Shiraz ($40 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Yalumba The Guardian Shiraz Viognier 2010 ($19 @ Wine.com)

Vintner tasting a Syrah from the barrel

2. Merlot

Pronounced:
mehr-LOW

Country of Origin:
France (Bordeaux region)

Type of Red Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Merlot Variety Market Share:
5.81%

About Merlot

Despite the blow the move “Sideways” dealt to Merlot, it remains one of the world’s top grape varieties and the most widely planted grape in the iconic Bordeaux wine region of France.

Merlot grapes thrive in cooler climates and, while it is grown all over the world, it shines in France’s Bordeaux region and in Washington State.

While Merlot grapes undeniably produce a great standalone varietal, part of the reason they hold such a high percentage of the worldwide market share (5.81%), is the grape’s application in blending. It has a mild tannin structure and is often used to soften heavily tannic wines like Cabs.

Merlot often has a higher alcohol percentage than other reds, typically around 13% ABV.

Common Merlot Flavor Profile

Merlots are medium to heavy bodied and lack the tannin bite that other types of red wine, like Cabs, have.

They’re mild tannin profile is complemented by softer fruit flavors like plum and black cherry.

Merlots are typically smooth, velvety and exceptionally easy to drink, making them a great introduction into the world of red wines.

Merlot Food Pairings

Merlot’s mild, balanced nature pairs it well with a wide range of foods.

It shines next to grilled or baked poultry, beef or game, and next to any dishes that features the use of a strong cheese, like sharp cheddar.

Popular Bottles Of Merlot

High-End

Duckhorn Three Palms Merlot 2011 ($89 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

St. Supery Rutherford Merlot 2010 ($48 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Cannonball Merlot 2012 ($16 @ Wine.com)

Merlot vines in Chile

1. Types Of Wine : Cabernet Sauvignon

Pronounced:
cab-uhr-NAY sow-veeh-yawn

Country of Origin:
France (Bordeaux region)

Type of Red Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Cabernet Sauvignon Variety Market Share:
6.30%

About Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is often called the “King of Red Grapes”.

While the grape originated in the Bordeaux region of France, it’s able to grow worldwide in a variety of climates. It grows notably well in the Napa Valley region of California as well as parts of South America, Italy, Australia and Washington State.

Cabs are aged in American and French oaks for between 15-30 months.

Common Cabernet Sauvignon Flavor Profile

Cabs are usually full-bodied with heavy tannins.

The tannins provide the structure that lets rich dark fruit flavors, like black cherry, blackberry and black currant, to shine. Subtle herbal, leafy notes are weaved into the rich dark fruit flavors.

Cabernet Sauvignon Food Pairings

Cab’s heavy tannins, pair it exceptionally well with the fat and protein found in red meats.

The traditional food pairing for a cab is lamb, but it goes well with almost any red meat like beef, pork, etc.

High-End

Silver Oak Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon 2010 ($110 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars Artemis Cabernet Sauvignon 2012 ($56 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Avalon Napa Cabernet Sauvignon 2012 ($20 @ Wine.com)

Cabernet Sauvignon clusters

From the ubiquitous Chardonnay, to the up and coming Riesling, white wines come in many different forms.

They’re typically produced from gold, green or white grapes, but can also made from red grapes.

While most types of red wine tend to be dry, and depending on the winemaker’s technique you could have a bone dry white wine to a lusciously sweet one.

Here are the five different types of white wine.

5. Chenin Blanc

Pronounced:
SHEN-uhn Blahnk

Type of White Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry and Sweet Styles Exist

Country of Origin:
France (Loire Valley)

Chenin Blanc Variety Market Share:
0.76%

About Chenin Blanc

Chenin Blanc isn’t as popular as it once was, but still holds a strong foothold in the world’s wine market.

While it originated in France’s Loire Valley, South Africa has quickly become the largest producer Chenin Blanc producer in the world. In 2010, South Africa produced almost 50% of the world’s Chenin Blanc (known as Steen in the country).

Chenin Blanc is also produced in Washington State and select parts of California.

Common Chenin Blanc Flavor Profile

If you enjoy Pinot Gris or Sauvignon Blanc chances are you’ll enjoy Chenin Blanc.

Similar to Riesling, it can be both a sweet and dry white wine. French Chenin Blanc tends to be a touch dry while the South Africa version is dry.

It’s light bodied and medium to high acidity. Strong floral aromas are followed by fruity flavors, like green apple and pear.

Chenin Blanc is the primary grape used to make the iconic Vouvray wines.

Chenin Blanc Food Pairings

Chenin Blanc pairs well with light fishes, like sole or cod, and simple poultry dishes.

It also matches well with Mediterranean food.

Popular Bottles Of Chenin Blanc

High-End

Philippe Foreau Vouvray Moelleux Reserve Clos Naudin 2009 ($89 @ Wine.com)

Contents
5. Types Of Wine : SangioveseAbout SangioveseCommon Sangiovese Flavor ProfileSangiovese Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of SangioveseHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable4. Pinot NoirAbout Pinot NoirCommon Pinot Noir Flavor ProfilePinot Noir Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Pinot NoirHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable3. Types Of Wine : Syrah/ShirazAbout Syrah/ShirazCommon Syrah/Shiraz Flavor ProfileSyrah/Shiraz Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Syrah/ShirazHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable2. MerlotAbout MerlotCommon Merlot Flavor ProfileMerlot Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of MerlotHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable1. Types Of Wine : Cabernet SauvignonAbout Cabernet SauvignonCommon Cabernet Sauvignon Flavor ProfileCabernet Sauvignon Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Cabernet SauvignonHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable5 Popular Types Of White Wine5. Chenin BlancAbout Chenin BlancCommon Chenin Blanc Flavor ProfileChenin Blanc Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Chenin BlancHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable4. Types Of Wine : Pinot Gris/Pinot GrigioAbout Pinot Gris/Pinot GrigioCommon Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio Flavor ProfilePinot Gris/Pinot Grigio Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Pinot Gris/Pinot GrigioHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable3. RieslingAbout RieslingCommon Riesling Flavor ProfileRiesling Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of RieslingHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable2. Types Of Wine : Sauvignon BlancAbout Sauvignon BlancCommon Sauvignon Blanc Flavor ProfileSauvignon Blanc Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of Sauvignon BlancHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable1. ChardonnayAbout ChardonnayCommon Chardonnay Flavor ProfileChardonnay Food PairingsPopular Bottles Of ChardonnayHigh-EndMid-RangeAffordable3 Other Types Of Wine1. Fortified WineRuby PortCream Sherry2. Rosé WinePopular Bottles Of Rosé Wine:3. Sparkling WinePopular Bottles Of Sparkling Wine:
Mid-Range

Domaine Huet Vouvray Moelleux Le Haut-Lieu 2009  ($45 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Badenhorst Secateurs Chenin Blanc 2013 ($15 @ Wine.com)

Chenin Blanc cluster

4. Types Of Wine : Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio

Pronounced:
(PEE-noh gree/GREE-joh)

Type of White Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Country of Origin:
France (Alsace region)

Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio Variety Market Share:
0.95%

About Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio

Two names, one grape; one grape, two very different wines.

If the wine comes from France, it would be labeled Pinot Gris. Conversely, if the wine comes from Italy, it would be marked Pinot Grigio.

Wine produced outside of these two countries, in places like California and Oregon, are labeled “Gris” or “Grigio” based on what flavor they most closely resemble: the French Gris or the Italian version Grigio.

For example, Oregon wine producers have had more luck producing a wine that resembles the French style so their bottles are almost always labeled as Pinot Gris.

The wine is produced worldwide and is currently the most popular white wine produced in Italy.

Common Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio Flavor Profile

Pinot Grigio tends to be light and crisp.

It’s light to medium bodied and melds fruit flavors of apple and pear with notes of citrus. Typically, a Pinot Grigio will be dry white wine with high acidity.

Pinot Gris is richer than their Italian counterparts.

They’re medium bodied and medium acid. Pinot Gris wines feature more complex fruit flavors and bolder citrus notes.

Both are crisp, flavorful and easy to drink.

Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio Food Pairings

Match a bottle of Pinot Grigio with lighter fishes like tilapia, sea bass, sole and cod.

It’s also a great apéritif.

Pinot Gris pairs better with creamy sauces and smoked foods. Avoid spicy foods with this style of the wine.

High-End

Livio Felluga Pinot Grigio 2013 ($27 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Ponzi 2013 Pinot Gris ($17 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

14 Hands Pinot Grigio 2013 ($12 @ Wine.com)

Viticulturist holding a Pinot Gris cluster

3. Riesling

Pronounced:
REEZ-leeng

Type of White Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry and Sweet Styles Exist

Country of Origin:
Germany (Rhine region)

Riesling Variety Market Share:
1.09%

About Riesling

Rieslings are one of the most versatile, and often misunderstood, types of wine.

The majority of this white wine style is produced in Germany, where it originated.

It does best in cooler climates and, outside of Germany, does well in places like the Alsace region of France, the Clare Valley of Australia and Washington State.

Common Riesling Flavor Profile

Again, Rieslings are one of the most versatile wine types.

They tend to be light bodied but are sometimes medium to full bodied. They’re commonly, and traditionally, a touch sweet, but are produced in both very sweet and bone dry versions.

The standard, light bodied and slightly sweet variety tends to be high acidity, crisp and refreshing.

Rieslings have strong floral and fruit aromas and well-balanced fruit flavors of apple and peach.

Riesling Food Pairings

Rieslings are perhaps the most versatile type of wine for pairing with food.

It goes well with anything from appetizers to desserts, from a juicy steak to spicy Mexican or Asian food.

High-End

Trimbach Cuvee Frederic Emile Riesling 2007 ($65 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Fritz Haag Brauneberger Juffer Spatlese Riesling 2012 ($36 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Poet’s Leap Riesling 2013 ($22 @ Wine.com)

Harvested Riesling clusters

2. Types Of Wine : Sauvignon Blanc

Pronounced:
so-veen-YAWN blahnk

Type of White Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Country of Origin:
France (Loire Valley)

Sauvignon Blanc Variety Market Share:
2.39%

About Sauvignon Blanc

Sauvignon Blanc is French for “Wild White”.

It was first produced, and still thrives, in the Loire Valley of Northwestern France.

Outside of the Loire Valley, this grape does exceptionally well in the Marlborough region of New Zealand.

Common Sauvignon Blanc Flavor Profile

Sauvignon Blanc is a light to medium bodied dry white wine.

Its dryness is offset by a high acidity to produce a crisp, refreshing wine.

Sharp citrus flavors, like lemon and grapefruit, are complimented by herbaceous, grassy undertones to produce a flavorful, easy to drink style of wine.

Sauvignon Blanc Food Pairings

Sauvignon Blanc pairs well with light fishes, like sole, cod, orange roughly and tilapia, and white meats, like chicken and pork.

The wine’s herbaceous, grassy undertones match well with dishes that feature heavy use of green herbs like mint, basil, sage and parsley.

Sauvignon Blanc is also a wonderful apéritif.

High-End

Giesen Fuder Matthews Lane Sauvignon Blanc 2012 ($50 on Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Cloudy Bay Sauvignon Blanc 2014 ($33 on Wine.com)

Affordable

Dry Creek Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc 2013  ($18 on Wine.com)

Sauvignon Blanc vines in Chile

1. Chardonnay

Pronounced:
shar-dawn-AY

Type of White Wine (Dry or Sweet):
Dry

Country of Origin:
France (Burgundy region)

Chardonnay Variety Market Share:
4.32%

About Chardonnay

If Cabernet Sauvignon is the “King of Red Grapes” Chardonnay is the “Queen of White Grapes”.

It’s the best-selling wine, red or white, in the US and is the world’s most popular white wine grape variety. This green skinned grape can grow in a wide range of climates worldwide and is produced in all the world’s major wine producing countries.

Chardonnay originated in the Burgundy region of France. The crème de la crème of Chardonnays is aptly named White Burgundy or “Bourgogne Blanc” after its originating region.

Outside of France’s Burgundy region, Chardonnay does notably well in California, Australia, Washington State, South America, and South Africa.

Common Chardonnay Flavor Profile

Chardonnay tends to be medium bodied and medium to high acidity.

They are smooth, buttery and meld complex fruit flavors, like apple and pineapple, with bold oak notes.

While Chardonnay is a dry white wine, most of the cheaper Chardonnays on the market tend to be a bit sweeter.

Chardonnay Food Pairings

Chardonnay pairs well with leaner meats, like roasted chicken and pork, and many types of roasted or grilled seafood, like shrimp, crab lobster, halibut, trout and salmon.

It also goes beautifully with creamy or buttery sauces.

High-End

Newton Unfiltered Chardonnay 2012 ($56 @ Wine.com)

Mid-Range

Thomas Fogarty Santa Cruz Mountains Chardonnay 2010 ($30 @ Wine.com)

Affordable

Kendall-Jackson Grand Reserve Chardonnay 2012 ($20 @ Wine.com)

Chardonnay cluster in autumn

3 Other Types Of Wine

Here are 3 different types of wine:

1. Fortified Wine

Fortified wines, or liqueur wines, are wines that have been fortified by the addition of a grape spirit, such as brandy, during the fermentation process.

Adding the grape spirit, which is essentially just distilled wine, raises the fortified wine’s alcohol content to around 18-20%. The increased alcohol kills the yeast and effectively stops the fermentation process.

Fortified wines were originally created to help preserve wine, but soon became their own unique wine style.

Sherry and Port are the two most common fortified wines followed by Madeira, Marsala and vermouth (which is used to make martinis).

Fortified wines can be made from white wines (sherry) and red wines (usually Port) and can range from being very sweet to bone dry.

When you’re first exploring the world of fortified wine, don’t start with a $150 bottle of Vintage Port; start with something affordable, but still high quality like:

Ruby Port

Ruby Port is usually a blend of younger Ports. It’s the most affordable entry into the world of Port.

A good bottle will run you around $15. Sandeman Fine Ruby Port ($11 @ Wine.com) is one of the most popular bottles on the market.

Cream Sherry

Cream Sherries tend to be sweeter and more inviting.

If you’re interested in Sherry, I suggest you go to a Spanish restaurant a taste a flight of different sherries.

If you instead want to start with your own bottle, the Emilio Lustau East India Solera ($28 @ Wine.com) is a bottle  you’ll find served at most restaurants.

Barrells of Sandeman Port aging

2. Rosé Wine

Rosé wines are just part white and part red wine, right?

Rosé being a mix of red and white wines in is one of the most common misconceptions surrounding the wine.

Surprisingly, they’re actually made exclusively from red varietals (the exception being Rosé Champagne and Rosé sparkling wine).

There are a few ways to produce a Rosé, the most common being limited maceration. In limited maceration, red grapes are first pressed. Next, the juice that was created from pressing the grapes is left in contact the grape’s skin.

The longer the grapes are left in contact with the skin, the darker red the wine will be. This is why Rosé wines range from pink blush to a deep pink.

You should drink rosé while they are still young, between 1-3 years, and shouldn’t spend more than $25 on a bottle.

They range in flavor but are typically dry wines that lead with full fruit flavors like strawberry or raspberry.

Barnard Griffin Rose of Sangiovese 2013 ($11 @ Wine.com)

Angove Family Winemakers Nine Vines Rose 2013 ($11 @ Wine.com)

 

Bottles of rosé wine

3. Sparkling Wine

Sparkling wine is one of the most unique types of wine.

It undergoes a second fermentation, often in the bottle, that gives it its characteristic bubbly quality.

Countries all over the world produce sparkling wine, but, the most famous, and well known, is undoubtedly Champagne.

While many sparkling wines are often referred to as Champagne, true Champagne can only come from the Champagne region of France.

Sparkling wine goes by different names depending on which country it comes from:

Spain = Cava

Italy = Prosecco or Moscato d’Asti

France (outside of Champagne) = Cremant

US = sparkling wine

Sparkling wines can range from dry to sweet and blend flavors like apple and pear with flavors nutty and vanilla flavors.

Prices for Champagne tend to be much higher than other sparkling wines. If you get a bottle of Champagne, expect to pay around $50. If you just want to try a good sparkling wine, start in the $10-$30 range.

La Marca Prosecco ($17 @ Wine.com)

Veuve Clicquote Brut Yellow Label ($50 @ Wine.com)

Glass of sparkling wine

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